Bulldogs were created for the English sport of bull baiting, which was widely practiced from 1100 till 1835, when it was made illegal. Once his work was outlawed the Bulldog rapidly started disappearing. In the 1860’s the breed was revived as a conformation show dog. The Bulldog has been made progressively more extreme through selective breeding until his health and life span have been severely compromised. Today’s English Bulldog is a far different dog than his healthy, agile ancestor. In 1971 David Leavitt started his project of breeding back to a dog with the appearance of the Regency period Bulldog. He named the breed Olde English Bulldogge (OEB) to clearly differentiate it from the modern English Bulldog. Leavitt used a line breeding scheme developed by Dr. Fechimer of Ohio State, to rapidly achieve a pure bred dog. Since the 1970’s many people have used the Olde English Bulldogge name for dogs that are not related to the original lines. Multiple registries service these OEB breeders. There is a huge range in appearance and health in these OEBs. The original Leavitt lines are a small percentage of the thousands of present OEBs. OEB has become a type of dog and is no longer a breed. For this reason David Leavitt and breeders who support his original vision of the OEB formed a registry in 2006 and called the breed Leavitt Bulldog with the Leavitt Bulldog Association issuing registration papers. Today’s Leavitt Bulldog matches the looks of the bull baiting dog. They are first and foremost excellent family companions while also possessing the drive, temperament and agility to perform in numerous working venues, from therapy work to weight pull and protection.
The Olde English Bulldogge is a muscular, medium sized dog of great strength, stability and athleticism. He is well balanced and proportioned,
with no feature exaggerated or standing out. He has the appearance of a dog capable of doing his original job, bull baiting. Remember that excessive height would have been detrimental for the old working Bulldog because he had to "play low" to avoid the bull's horns and fasten onto his nose. A heavy weight dog would have also been at a disadvantage because the bull's nose would have been
more likely to rip, sending the dog flying.
The disposition of the Olde English Bulldogge is confident, courageous and alert. OEB's are very friendly and
loving. They are extremely strong and occasionally display same sex dog aggression, so socialization and obedience training are important. It is best to channel high energy individuals to some type of work and exercise.
Shyness in a mature dog.
The OEB head is prominent and dramatic. The circumference of
the head is at least equal to the dog's height at the withers. The cheeks are large, well developed and display powerful jaw muscles. A
slightly wrinkled forehead is acceptable.
- The skull is large but well proportioned to the dog's muscular body and prominent shoulders. There is a crease from the stop to the occiput.
Faults:Narrow skull; domed forehead.
- The muzzle is square, wide and deep, with definite
layback. Distance from the tip of the nose to the stop
does not exceed one-third of the distance from the tip
of the nose to the occiput. Height of the muzzle, from
the bottom of the chin to the top of the muzzle, is
equal to or greater than the length of the muzzle, thus
producing the deep square muzzle. There is slight to
moderate wrinkle on the muzzle. Flews are semi
pendulous. The bite is undershot and horizontally
straight. Underbite is ¾" or less. Lower jawbone is
moderately curved from front to back.
A slightly longer or shorter muzzle; excessive wrinkle.
Wry jaw; overbite.
- Eyes are round to almond shape and medium sized. They
are set wide apart, with the outside corner of the eye
intersecting with the outside line of the skull and are
set low, at the level of the muzzle, where the stop and
muzzle intersect. Eye color is brown, with black
pigmented eye rims.
Any pink on the eye rims.
Any eye color other than brown; wall eyes; crossed eyes.
- Dogs will have 42 teeth. P1 teeth (4) may be missing. Canine teeth are large. Broken, chipped or extracted
teeth are acceptable. There are 6 corn row teeth
Exposed canine teeth
More than P1 teeth missing.
Disqualifications: Wry Jaw, Over Bite
- Nostrils are wide with a line running vertically
between nostrils from the tip of nose down to the bottom
of the upper lip. Nose is large and broad in
relationship to the width of the muzzle. Nose color is
Any pink on the nose or in the nostrils.
Any color nose other than black
- Ears are rose, button or tulip, with rose preferred.
They are set high and to the rear of the skull. The
ears are positioned as wide as possible on the outside
of the skull. They are small to medium in size.
medium length, wide, and slightly arched. It is a little smaller than
the head where the two meet.
and gets wider from that
point to the shoulders.
It is slightly loose from
jaw to chest, forming a double dewlap.
A single dewlap.
- They are
broad, heavily muscled and have a separation between
shoulder blades. The scapula (shoulder blade) should be
at an approximate 35 degree angle to vertical and forms
an angle approximately 110 degrees to the humerus
(forearm). Scapula and humerus should be roughly equal
- A vertical line drawn from the point of the scapula
(top) to the ground will pass directly through the
The elbows are not turned
in or out.
- The legs are set wide apart, coming straight down from
the shoulders. They are straight vertically on inside
of legs and well muscled giving a bowed appearance of
front quarters. The forelegs have medium bone and are in
proportion to the body.
- The pasterns are medium in length. They are straight,
strong, flexible and nearly perpendicular to the ground.
Foreleg bones too heavy or too light.
Loose shoulders; upright shoulders; loose elbows; weak
pasterns (either too vertical or too horizontal).
sturdy and powerful. The length from tip of breastbone
to rear thigh is slightly longer than the height from
ground to withers.
- The back is wide and muscular, showing power.
Top-line has a slight roach
(or wheel back). There is a fall in the back, to its
low spot behind the shoulders. From this point the
spine rises to the loin. The high point of the loin is
a little bit higher than the shoulders, then there is a
gentle curve, forming an arch, down to the tail. Loin
(back of rib cage to hips) is muscular,
medium in length and slightly arched.
- The chest is wide and deep with a muscular brisket.
Ribs are well sprung and rounded, being at their fullest
directly behind the shoulders. Shoulders to forelegs
are well muscled.
Narrow rib cage. Very long or short loin.
Hips and thighs are strong and muscular. Hind legs are well muscled and slightly longer than the forelegs.
In a natural stance they are straight, parallel and set apart when viewed from the rear. Distance between hind legs is less than distance between front legs. Angulation is moderate. Stifles have a gentle convex curve when
viewed from the side. Stifle angle roughly matches the angle of the pelvis. Hocks are perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the side and back. They are parallel to each other when viewed from the back. A line drawn from the rear most part of the buttocks, perpendicular to the ground, should fall to the front of the toes. A line drawn from the upper (front) point of
the pelvis, perpendicular to the ground, should pass through the knee (the two preceding tests of good angulation must be performed with the dog's hocks set perpendicular to the ground).
Hips which are equal to shoulders in width.
Straight stifle. Severely cow hocked or bow hocked.
Feet are of medium size and are well arched and rounded (cats'
foot). They are straight when viewed from the front. Rear feet are smaller than front feet.
Feet turning in or out; long toes.
Flat feet; hare feet; and splayed toes.
should be set low and tapering from base to end.
It can be pump handle or straight with pump handle being preferred.
Tail should reach the hocks or be slightly shorter.
Tail is carried down, horizontal or high.
Tail curling 360 degrees. Same circumference from base to tip.
Kinked, docked, bobbed or screw tail (a kinked tail is a tail with one or more sharp bends).
Coatis short, close and of medium density. It
should be shiny, showing good health.
Fringe, feather or curl in the coat.
Color can be brindle of red, gray, fawn or black; either solid or pied (with white).
Solid white. Fawn, red or black; solid color or pied.
Blue (Neapolitan Mastiff color), as well as black with rust or mahogany (Rottweiler colors)
HEIGHT and WEIGHT
Dogs are 60 to 80 lbs. and 17 to
20 inches at the withers
Bitches are 50 to 70 lbs. and 16 to 19 inches at the withers.
Deviation from this range of height and weight will be faulted according to the extent of the deviation.
Weight should be proportioned to height and the dogs must not be squat nor rangy.
Gait is smooth, powerful, energetic and confident. Travel is straight. Feet should move forward and back in the same plane. Foot falls approach the centerline as trot speed increases. There is a slight under step as rear feet land just short of where front feet land. Front and rear reach are balanced. Feet must not cross or interfere with each other. Dog should have proper movement when viewed from the side and back.
- Any eye color other than brown. Wall eyes or crossed eyes.
Nose - Any color nose other than black.
Bite - Wry jaw. Overbite.
Tail -Kinked, docked, bobbed or screw tail
Color - Blue/gray (Neapolitan Mastiff color) and black and rust/mahogany (Rottweiler color)
Males lacking two fully descended normal testicles.
The parent club of the Leavitt Bulldog(Olde English Bulldogge) is the Leavitt Bulldog Association(LBA).